For John, an event of this kind is a most appropriate symbol of what happens to spiritually dead people when they are receptive to the power of God made manifest in the person of Jesus. Take the Bible literally unless the text says otherwise. (, Jesus' Trials before Jewish and Roman Officials The book of Acts is an important book for understanding the actions of the apostles, mostly Paul and Peter, after Jesus's ascension into Heaven. This summary of the book of 3 John provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Book of 3 John. John replaces, at least in part, the apocalyptic expectations present in all three of the Synoptic Gospels. motivations for the composition of John's Gospel have been posited by interpreters The Understanding the Books of the Bible study series helps readers understand the biblical story by not only talking about what the authors wrote, but also how they wrote. The Book of Revelation. Used with permission. The same point of view is expressed again in the account of Jesus' conversation with the woman at the Samarian well. The Gospel of John is the latest-written of the four biographies of Jesus that have been preserved in the New Testament. John declares, "But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name" (John 20:31). (, The disciples' grief will turn to When Jesus heals a man who was born blind, his disciples inquire of him, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?" Of the eight miracles recorded in this book, six are unique, (among the Gospels), to John, as is the "Upper Room Discourse" (John 14-17). In other words, how can divinity ever be united with humanity unless one thereby becomes involved in a contradiction of terms? to Jesus goes its own way, highlighting matters that in the other Gospels remain Only God can impart the power to human beings to do this. These changes are quite in harmony with John's conception of Jesus as "the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!" In reply, Jesus says, "Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but this happened so that the power of God might be displayed in his life." For instance, he summarises very well the long, tortuous and complex history of the Jewish people from the Exodus from Egypt until the Coming of Christ. the Bread of Life (. Written by a Christian named John, the contents of the book indicate quite clearly that the author was not the John who was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus, for it contains no direct personal references of the type that one would expect from an intimate associate of Jesus. author is the apostle John, "the disciple whom Jesus loved" (13:23 [see note The New Testament - A Brief … Instead, these study guides focus on understanding the message and meaning of one book. This summary of the Gospel of John provides information about the title, author(s), date of writing, chronology, theme, The point is illustrated even further in the story of Jesus' conversation with Nicodemus, in which Jesus says that unless a person is born of the water and the spirit, that person cannot see the kingdom of God. Just as Jesus, by virtue of this spirit, gives the living water that brings eternal life, so he gives the food that can bring a new quality of life to the world. Since the letter identifies no specific church, location, or individual to whom it was sent, its classification is as a “general epistle”. This division of the gospel into two parts follows the pattern used by the Synoptic Gospels' writers, but the contents of the two sections differ widely from the earlier accounts. The evidence for this claim rests on Jesus' ability to do that which ordinary human beings cannot do. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. The water symbolizes a cleansing, and the transformation that takes place when a person's life is filled with the spirit present in Jesus sharply contrasts with the rites and ceremonies performed in the Jewish Temple. creative Word of God who had become embodied (incarnated) as a human being It is a fitting resume, as John sees it, of what Jesus has done for the Christian community and indeed for all those who at any future time will become members of it. Strikingly, As a typical human being, he possessed no extraordinary power that is not available to anyone else who asks for it and who meets the conditions for receiving it. John's Gospel is rather different from the other three. These letters were sent out as circular epistles to be passed around and read in several locations. Based on the recollections of his most trusted followers, The Gospel of John was likely composed two generations after the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. John's answer to this question is his statement, "The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us." (. implicit and underdeveloped. bookmarked pages associated with this title. John wrote independently of the other Gospels (see essay and chart, p. 1943). who has seen me has seen the Father," 14:9), and what he does glorifies the Jesus Christ's life(from the virgin birth to His ministry, crucifixion, and resurrection) is the basis for the four Gospels-- the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. knew them (or any one of them) continues to be debated. Jesus' last words — "It is finished" — carry a double meaning, for they indicate not only that Jesus is about to die but that the whole purpose of the incarnation is now complete. and to Jewish customs, such as the duty of circumcision on the eighth day taking Title: The epistle’s title has always been “1 John”. The literary style of this witness of Jesus is Effectively the bible begins now with John 1:1. over Who He Is (chs. Ex 3:14, further strengthening the link between the Father and the Son (see as the house at Bethany being filled with the fragrance of the broken perfume Following the prayer, John describes the events that culminate in the crucifixion of Jesus and reports the words that Jesus utters while on the cross. The second half, Acts, is traditionally placed after the gospels, so that the book of John creates a barrier between the halves. 5:3; cp. In reply to her questions concerning the proper place and manner of worship, Jesus explains that external forms of worship are not as important as worshipping the Father "in spirit and truth.". to 1 John: Author). All of the evidence we have is what the individuals who made the records believed to have happened. The Book of John is not like the Book of Matthew, Mark, or Luke which cover the same period of time. The first twelve chapters describe Jesus' public ministry, beginning with his meeting John the Baptist and closing with the visit of the Greeks who came to worship at the Feast of Passover. In one of these, Jesus drives out the buyers and sellers from the Temple. and mission and on lengthy, theologically rich discourses. According to John, Jesus' public ministry can be summarized in connection with a number of miracles that John reports and then follows with interpretations that point to their spiritual significance. All rights reserved. The remaining chapters deal with the closing days of Jesus' earthly ministry, when he gave instruction to his disciples and explained the meaning of his life and approaching death in a number of lengthy discourses. Because God was present in Jesus, it is appropriate to refer to Jesus as the Son of God, which is an example of what can happen in the life of anyone else in whom the power of God dwells. In general, two views of the dating of this Gospel have been advocated: The second view has found favor because it has been felt more recently that The purpose of this gospel, as stated by John himself, is to show that Jesus of Nazareth was Christ, the Son of God, and that believers in him might have eternal life. 6:35; 8:12; 9:5; 10:7,9,14; 11:25; 14:6; 15:1,5). argue for a late origin. John says nothing of a supernatural birth. Lazarus was dead for four days, and at the call of Jesus he came back to life. Father. Confess the Son and listen to the apostles - 1 John 2:18-4:6. The Word of Yahweh is Yahweh (1-2) Instead, the important meaning of the story is the spiritual food that alone can sustain the quality of living that characterizes true followers of Jesus. Jesus' words to Nicodemus nicely summarize this Gospel's central theme: "For Also we will supply the phrase, ‘the word of Yahweh,’ for ‘the word.’ I have also combined the two sections on John the Immerser into one piece, making it easier to read and understand. This brings us back far before the created order itself. At times, this opposition led to severe persecution, and some Christians wanted to withdraw from direct contact with the people of the world. All rights reserved. This meaning of the story is given special emphasis in the narratives that follow. Matthew, Mark, and Luke tell of the birth, life, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus, but they stress more what Jesus did than who He is. It explains the omission in the Gospel of John of many items found in the earlier accounts, and it also explains, at least in part, the different attitude about Jews, the allegorical interpretations of certain miracle stories, the absence of apocalypticism with reference to the second coming, the subordinate role of John the Baptist, and a new concept of the Messiah. theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the Gospel of John. As John interprets the story, its deeper meaning is disclosed in a statement that Jesus makes: "I am the resurrection and the life. It is the first and largest in a series of 3 epistles that bear the Apostle John’s name. The wide spread misunderstanding of this verse among Christians is the source of much of the confusion that exists regarding who the One Most High God of the Bible is. a series of "I am" claims on Jesus' lips echoes God's naming of himself in First, read one chapter from the Gospel of John each day. 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