Water supply. This season, Thar received heavy rains, which started in June. The climate in the summers is extremely hot and unbearable for those who are not used to it. Opportunities and challenges in the Sahara Desert Hydroelectric power is supplied by the Nangal power plant located on the Sutlej River in Punjab. Hot in the day and cool at night. This means that the region is very hot, with very low precipitation. It is one of the major hot deserts of the world with the highest population density. The Thar Desert near Jaisalmer. Current conditions. The indigenous species have traditionally provided food, fodder, fuel, medicine and shelter to a largely pastoralist and herding population. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The region receives very little rainfall. 2. A thick accumulation of lime often occurs at varying depths. It is characterized by the typical desert and arid climate. Sometimes it doesn't rain for years and they have droughts. And, during the night, sand cools down very quickly. Historically, policies have sought to “green” the desert and its surrounding areas via cultivation and plantations. mi), it is the world’s 9th biggest desert. 6 years ago. The desert is almost dry. Historically, policies have sought to “green” the desert and its surrounding areas via cultivation and plantations. Areas of very little rain: Jammu-Kashmir, Western Rajasthan (Thar Desert). Alternative Title: Great Indian Desert Thar Desert, also called Great Indian Desert, arid region of rolling sand hills on the Indian subcontinent. In Thar desert, due to climate change, rain has turn out to be unusual, which has caused serious drought conditions. Anonymous. High temperatures lead to rapid evaporation and a shortage of water. Since the Thar Desert straddles more than three states in India, … (Link to Arna … Hot in the day and cool at night. For many residents of the desert in the southern province of Sindh, the day begins with carrying water pitchers, which they fill from stored rainwater or small natural tanks, after walking on hot sand for hours. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Refrences Wildlife The Thar desert has many wildlife species. Hindu pilgrims gathering at Pushkar, in the Thar Desert, Rajasthan state, India. Scrub vegetation in the Thar (Great Indian) Desert, western Rajasthan, India. With an area of more than 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi), it … The Thar Desert (Hindi: थार मरुस्थल, Urdu: تھر دسیرت ‎), also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a desert.About 85 per cent is in western Republic of India and the rest in southeastern Pakistan.. (2011, 2014), Jhajharia et al. Climate in the deserts: The climate in the deserts is extreme. The soils are generally infertile and, because of severe wind erosion, are overblown with sand. The Indira Gandhi Canal irrigates a vast amount of land in the Indian portion of the Thar. As crops fail and livestock wither and die, tribal communities that have survived for centuries are breaking apart . The Hindi word is derived from Sanskrit/Vedic word iriṇa (इरिण) attested in the Rigveda and Mahabharata. Relief, topography and climate. It is bordered by the irrigated Indus River plain to the west, the Punjab Plain to the north and northeast, the Aravalli Range to the southeast, and the Rann of Kachchh to the south. Thar Desert is spread over northwestern India and eastern Pakistan covering an area of about 4,46,000 square kilometres. There are currently 11 national parks in the Thar Desert, the largest of which are the Rann of Kutch and the Nara Desert Wildlife Sanctuaries. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Thar-Desert, World Wildlife Fund - Southern Asia: Western India into Pakistan, IndiaNetzone - Geography of India - Thar Desert. Since past three years, the area has witnessed extreme infant mortality, whilst numbers of birds and livestock have also been shrink. Several playas (saline lake beds), locally known as dhands, are scattered throughout the region. THAR DESERT THAR DESERT ECOSYSTEMSURESH SANGI SAMANI sangi.samani@yahoo.com +923333907567 2. Fauna